The heartwood of walnut is light brown to dark chocolate brown, while the sapwood is creamy white. The wood develops a rich patina that grows more lustrous with age. Walnut is usually supplied steamed and/or with a slightly tinted finish, to darken the sapwood. The wood is generally straight-grained, with areas of wavy or curly grain that produces an attractive and decorative figure.
Douglas-Fir is a valuable commercial timber, widely used in construction, building purposes and flooring. The trees grow to be very large, and yields a large amount of usable timber. They are very stiff, strong and among the hardest and heaviest softwoods. They can vary in colour based upon age and location of the tree. Usually a light brown colour with a hint of red and/or yellow, with darker growth rings.
East Indian Walnut
East Indian walnuts heavy, black grain and yellow-gold heartwood are the key features of this tree species. The wood is light but strong and not prone to excessive movement. Used for high end furniture, flooring, tables or as an accent wood. The grain is very intense and swirling with dark Walnut to dark chocolate-brown heartwood which turns light golden-brown with darker streaks when finished.
Tight, generally straight grain with a coarse texture. Pale to reddish brown heartwood and whitish sapwood. Very heavy, hard, strong, stiff and shock resistant. Good dimensional stability and low decay resistance. Glues, stains, and finishes well and polishes to a nice shiny finish. IPE Ipe, also know as Brazilian Walnut, has a deep brown colour and is the most popular residential external hardwood decking material because of its durability, hardens and extreme stability. Its heartwood contains shades of black and greenish-brown with some striping while the sapwood can be white.
Typically straight grained, but sometimes spiral grained with a fine, uniform texture. Pale red to brick red heartwood and narrow, pale yellow sapwood. It is heavy and hard with moderate stiffness, bending strength, crushing strength, and decay resistance. Very stable in service.
Texture is fine and even, giving this wood a smooth feel and excellent finishing properties. Acer saccharum, or sugar maple, is a Northeastern US/Canadian species from which most real maple syrup is derived. It is also among the hardest of the maples. Widely used for necks in stringed instruments, this wood is relatively stiff and stable.
Morado is a South American wood with a striking dark violet-brown heartwood that is sometimes streaked. It has a medium to high lustre, and a texture that can range from coarse to fine. It's grain is interlocked and can be straight or irregular. Highly resistant to decay and fungi, Morado's hardness also contributes to its durability.
Straight grained with a medium-coarse to coarse texture. Light heartwood with narrow, nearly white sapwood. It is a heavy, hard and strong wood, with outstanding durability and wear-resistance. It stains and finishes well with no need to fill pores for smoothness.
One of the best known of the exotic dark woods, panga panga is used primarily where a bold dark colour or contrasting light and dark accent strips are desired. A very hard, heavy and durable wood with excellent dimensional stability. Because of its great resistance to abrasion, it is very suitable for flooring that will receive high use and traffic. It is principally used for parquet and strip flooring, general construction, joinery, and for speciality items.
Generally straight grained with a coarse, uneven texture, medium lustre and an oily feel. Yellow brown to dark golden brown heartwood and greyish or white sapwood. It is moderately hard and heavy, with excellent decay resistance and dimensional stability.